She studied at the École Normale Supérieure, where she specialised in economic and social issues. Comme toujours chez Alain Touraine, le souci de donner forme théorique à nos pratiques sociales est fécondé par la vie telle qu’elle est vécue, et tout ce qui est pensé ici renvoie à l’expérience la plus quotidienne de l’univers globalisé dans lequel nous évoluons désormais. Alain Touraine et Farhad Khosrokhavar adoptent ici la démarche inverse, celle du dialogue. She is the daughter of French sociologist Alain Touraine and Chilean academic Adriana Arenas Pizarro (d. 1990). His siblings are psychiatrist Sylvie Wieviorka, historian Annette Wieviorka and historian Olivier Wieviorka.. A former student of Alain Touraine, he is now one of the most renowned sociologists and public intellectuals in France and abroad.A number of his books have been translated into different languages. Alain Touraine : Né ne 1925. [5], Touraine was a professor of sociology at Nanterre when the student movement of May 1968 broke out on its campus. He was best known as the originator of the phrase "post-industrial society" and for his studies and theories of social movements while they were in the process of formation. Alain Touraine has 66 books on Goodreads with 1813 ratings. Touraine is the father of two children: Marisol, who served as the French Minister of Social Affairs and Health from 2012 to 2017 in the government of Jean-Marc Ayrault and Manuel Valls; and Philippe, a professor of endocrinology at the Pitié-Salpêtrière hospital in Paris. In Return of the Actor (translated by Myrna Godzich 1988) he critiques sociology which reintroduces the notion of social activity. However, formatting rules can vary widely between applications and fields of interest or study. Touraine is one of the leading social thinkers in the world today and many of his books have been published in English. Read "Alain Touraine" by available from Rakuten Kobo. That's it. Elle permet à Alain Touraine de pousser sa réflexion sur le sujet , travail qu'il … Open Library is an initiative of the Internet Archive, a 501(c)(3) non-profit, building a digital library of Internet sites and other cultural artifacts in digital form.Other projects include the Wayback Machine, archive.org and archive-it.org Alain Touraine. He wrote a particularly moving account about the rise and fall of Chile's socialist government under Allende, The Life and Death of Populist Chile (1973). Alain Touraine (born 1925) was a French sociologist. In addition to concrete studies of social movements, such as his analyses of the May Movement: Revolt and Reform They were married in 1957. The specific requirements or preferences of your reviewing publisher, classroom teacher, institution or organization should be applied. He is research director at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, where he founded the Centre d'étude des mouvements sociaux. Click and Collect from your local Waterstones or get FREE UK delivery on orders over £20. While in Poland, he developed the research method of "Sociological Intervention," which had been outlined in "The Voice and the Eye" (La Voix et le Regard) [1981]. by Jerome Braun ( a review of Conditions of Liberty: Civil Society and Its Rivals by Ernest Gellner and Critique of Modernity by Alain Touraine Ernest Gellner, who passed away on November 5, 1995, was a social philosopher and social anthropologist and a student of the social evolution that culminated in what is now called modernity. Alain Touraine’s most popular book is نقد الحداثة. View all subjects; More like this: Similar Items Find a copy in the library. Alain Touraine, now in his tenth decade, published Défense de la modernité in 2018 as a statement of his current thinking about the meaning of modernity, and it is a striking contribution. The Alain Touraine Study Pack contains: Biographies (1) Alain Touraine 987 words, approx. She has a brother, Philippe, who is professor of endocrinology. in Norman Birnbaum, editor, Beyond the Crisis (1977). Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company. HEC Paris. Third ISA Forum of Sociology, 2016, Closing Plenary Session 5/6, UOC - Profesor Alain Touraine, director de la École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales de París, History and Literature: The State of Play: A Roundtable Discussion, Andreas Reckwitz: Digitalisation and society of singularities. Alain Touraine is currently considered a "single author." Born on August 3rd 1925 in Hermanville-sur-Mer (Calvados), he had a historical formation, in the sense and the tradition of the social history that belongs to the Annales and that relates back to the teachings of L. Febvre and F. Braudel. Help us improve our Author Pages by updating your bibliography and submitting a new or current image and biography. Alain Touraine was born in Hermanville, France, on August 3, 1925, the son of a physician, Albert Touraine, and of Odette Cleret. His perspective was further broadened when in 1952 he went to Harvard and learned everything about Parsonian systems sociology and American research methods. He is research director at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, where he founded the Centre d'étude des mouvements sociaux. Touraine's expertise was helpful in this effort which, at the same time, allowed him to observe the negative aspects of capitalist production. Alain Touraine; Alain Touraine (primary author only) Author division. (0)1.39.67.70.00 Maps and directions Touraine participated in a seminar on the book at the University of Milan last week, with discussions by Profs. Marisol Touraine voit le jour le 7 mars 1959 à Paris. 1 1 1 1. Browse through thousands of Biographies at BookRags.com. Alain Touraine is one of the most important exponents of contemporary sociology. Alain Touraine is one of the most important exponents of contemporary sociology. Accueil Alain Touraine Biographie Alain Touraine Sociologue français, Alain Touraine s'est d'abord fait connaître par ses travaux en sociologie du travail via son 'Evolution du … Description - Can We Live Together? In this sequel to A Critique of Modernity, Alain Touraine questions the social and cultural content of democracy today. She also attended Harvard University but did not receive a degree. Alain Touraine is currently considered a "single author." Moreover, he continued to compare and to theorize about the differences among the forms social unrest may take under prevalent conditions in Chile, the United States, and France—societies with very different traditions. 1 Biography; Study Pack. Gregory Baum includes comments on the philosophy of Touraine and other postmodern age scholars in The Canadian Forum (May 1990). His father, who was a designer, influenced him to go to Paris to study the great masters of painting in the Museum du Louvre to improve his skills, from 1983 to 1988. Directeur d'études à l'Ecole pratique des hautes études où il dirige le Centre d'étude des mouvements sociaux, Alain Touraine conduit parallèlement des recherches théoriques et des études sur l'évolution du travail et les mouvements sociaux. In 2010, he was jointly awarded, with Zygmunt Bauman, the Príncipe de Asturias Prize for Communication and the Humanities. BIOGRAPHY. [6] Touraine, who in his 1960s work had been a major theorist of "industrial society," published one of the first books articulating a concept of "post-industrial society" in 1969, though the American sociologists Daniel Bell and David Riesman had already been using the term.[7]. Quick Reference. $9.99. In 1044, the control of Touraine was given to the Angevins, who (as the House of Plantagenet) became kings of England in 1154, the castle of Chinon being their greatest stronghold. Although the period of student protests of the 1960s and 1970s has long passed, Alain Touraine argues, in this wide-ranging and vigorous essay, that the period's problems remain with us. He is research director at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales , where he founded the Centre d'étude des mouvements sociaux . Alain Touraine (French: [tuʁɛn]; born 3 August 1925) is a French sociologist. With their two children they frequently returned to Chile, and in the course of these visits, Touraine kept studying the social and political changes that were taking place. $8.95 Paperback $3.15 Paperback $15.64 ... by Alain Touraine Hardcover. Marino Regini (Milan), Elena Pulcini (Florence),… Alain TouraineAlain Touraine (born 1925) was a French sociologist. Alain Touraine (born 1925) was a French sociologist. https://www.goodreads.com/author/show/202709.Alain_Touraine Part of the first generation of French sociologues du travail after World War II, Touraine was a pioneer of sociological fieldwork in industrial settings in France, drawing on the influence of American industrial sociology and industrial relations, as well as the survey research of Paul Lazarsfeld. Learn more at Author Central. Marisol Touraine - Biography - Personal Life. Elle permet à Alain Touraine de pousser sa réflexion sur le sujet , travail qu'il … Explore books by Alain Touraine with our selection at Waterstones.com. (1968; English translation, 1971), of Solidarity: Poland 1980-81 (1983), and of Anti-nuclear Protest: The Opposition to Nuclear Energy in France (1980; English translation, 1983), Touraine was busy evolving a theory of social movements. In May 1968 he joined American students in their revolt against the establishment. Né en 1925, Alain Touraine, ancien élève de l'École normale supérieure, agrégé d'histoire et docteur ès lettres, est directeur d'études à l'EHESS où il a créé le Centre d'étude des mouvements sociaux, puis le Centre d'analyse et d'intervention sociologiques dont il est resté membre. And because, as a result of the division of labor, actors have lost control over their work and thus have become alienated, he maintained, they must regain their former control. Alain Touraine (born 1925) was a French sociologist. Touraine is one of the leading social thinkers in the world today and many of his books have been published in English. Clark Kerr critiques and provides interpretations of Touraine's major works in an article (On Alain Touraine) appearing in the May-June 1996 issue of Society. Previous page. Like most French intellectuals, he was educated at the Ecole Normale Superieure, where he took his agrégation in history in 1950 and also studied philosophy. This center attracted collaborators from many countries, and Touraine became the foremost authority on questions about the formation, the trajectory, and the fate of social movements around the world—all of them perceived in relation to specific conditions and personalities as well as to the traditions of the society in which they arise. Après un passage par la Yougoslavie, il s'établit à Valenciennes pour faire l'expérience de la vie de mineur (1947-1948). Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. Born on August 3rd 1925 in Hermanville-sur-Mer (Calvados), he had a historical formation, in the sense and the tradition of the social history that belongs to the Annales and that relates back to … The general reader is bound to sympathize with the need to find new paradigms in order to comprehend the social mutations that result from the proliferating policies of development, from the rivalries among states, and from the multiple complications arising from technological inventions. [3], Touraine's mature work after 1960 is based on a "sociology of action", which he called "actionalism",[4] and believes that society shapes its future through structural mechanisms and its own social struggles. Touraine participated in a seminar on the book at the University of Milan last week, with discussions by Profs. He is research director at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, where he founded the Centre d'étude des mouvements sociaux. Touraine was an important figure in the founding of French sociology of work after World War II and later became an internationally-renowned sociologist of social movements, particularly the May 68 student movement in France and the Solidarity trade-union movement in communist Poland. Click and Collect from your local Waterstones or get FREE UK delivery on orders over £20. As the year comes to a close, we present the Top 10 Stars of 2020 on IMDb including Ana de Armas, Anya Taylor … Alain Touraine is composed of 5 names. Alain Touraine (French: ; born 3 August 1925) is a French sociologist. Alain Touraine is composed of 5 names. Alain Touraine, Self: Pourrons-nous vivre ensemble? Alain Touraine est issu d'une famille aisée. He held that individuals can free themselves from centralized power and technocratic domination through refusal of consumption and through taking part in the decision-making process; that they can resist manipulation not singly, but by forging a collective identity by defending themselves as members of a community. It is a broad theoretical work which seeks to make sense of everyday experience at the beginning of the 21st century. Un grand livre de référence. Touraine takes its name from a Celtic tribe called the Turones, who inhabited the region about two thousand years ago. 4 pages. 4 pages. But this reader will find Touraine's theoretical works too technical and his charts too obtuse. Expressed in his first theoretical statement, Sociologie de l'action, Touraine conceived "actionalism" as an alternative to the functionalism of Talcott Parsons, toward which he has frequently expressed disdain throughout his career. Alain Touraine, né en 1925, a suivi des études classiques en khâgne au Lycée Louis-le-Grand puis à l’École Normale Supérieure où il obtient l’agrégation d’Histoire en 1950. Alain Touraine born 1925 in France, received his history “agrégation” from the Ecole Normale Supèrieure, Paris in 1950. Biographie. Après un passage en khâgne au lycée Louis-le-Grand, à Paris, il entre à l'École normale supérieure en 1945. Touraine has gained popularity in Latin America as well as in continental Europe. She has a brother, Philippe, who is professor of endocrinology. Everything you need to understand or teach Alain Touraine. Alain Touraine was a frequent commentator on current events as well as a prolific author, but not all of his work is translated. Touraine was an important figure in the founding of French sociology of work after Wo. 1 Rue de la Libération 78350 Jouy-en-Josas - +33. Inevitably, such a system must be very abstract and incomprehensible to the non-initiated, especially when, as in The Production of Society, he examines sociology itself as a social production— through its "historicity, " which is said "to transform the activity into a social system in which conduct is governed by a set of orientations, themselves determined by the society's mode of action upon itself.". You can examine and separate out names. Higher degrees have become less and less valuable on the labor market and the demand for academic reform has become more intense. Alain Touraine Né en 1925, Alain Touraine, ancien élève de l'École normale supérieure, agrégé d'histoire et docteur ès lettres, est directeur d'études à l'EHESS où il a créé le Centre d'étude des mouvements sociaux, puis le Centre d'analyse et d'intervention sociologiques dont il est resté membre. It looks like we don't have any Biography for Alain Touraine yet.. Be the first to contribute! Personal Life. Michel Wieviorka is the son of a Polish Jewish family of Holocaust survivors. If one or more works are by a distinct, homonymous authors, go ahead and split the author. In this important new book Alain Touraine -- the leading sociologist and social theorist -- attacks the positions of the neoliberals and certain thinkers on the left and develops an alternative view of the tasks for political thought and action today. Alain Touraine (born 1925) was a French sociologist. We have created a browser extension. It will enhance any encyclopedic page you visit with the magic of the WIKI 2 technology. First published in 2004. Touraine's reputation as a sociologist grew during the seventies. Daughter of Alain and Adriana (Arenas) Touraine. The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. Just click the "Edit page" button at the bottom of the page or learn more in the Biography submission guide. Alain Touraine; Alain Touraine (primary author only) Author division. Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea! Sociologists can help them do so by making them conscious of their actions. In Poland where he observed and aided[citation needed] the emergence of the dissident movement Solidarnosc. Alain Touraine’s most popular book is نقد الحداثة. He is research director at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, where he founded the Centre d'étude des mouvements sociaux (see also Daniel Bertaux). During the 1990's Touraine was a regular contributor to the UNESCO Courier with a series of articles on democracy in the twentieth century. ", Touraine's sociological system was constructed to account for all existing social systems and institutions, for their changes over time, and for human elements and feelings— of every actor within this system. "Chapter 9: Society Turns Back Upon Itself. All Rights Reserved. [2] Touraine's 1955 study of Renault articulated the "ABC" theory of automation which was adopted by 1960s radical sociologists of the "new working class," including Serge Mallet. It is a broad theoretical work which seeks to make sense of everyday experience at the beginning of the 21st century. The same year, he became a researcher in sociology at the CNRS, working in the new subfield of sociology of work under Friedmann. Après un passage par le CNRS, il entre en 1958 à l’École pratique des hautes études. Alain Touraine (born 1925) was a French sociologist. His major thesis was published as Sociologie de l'action in 1965, and his minor thesis as La conscience ouvrière in 1966, both by Éditions du Seuil. Touraine participated in a seminar on the book at the University of Milan last week, with discussions by Profs. Marino Regini (Milan), Elena Pulcini (Florence),… Alain Touraine is a French sociologist. During this time he painted under the light of the Brittany coasts, Normandie or Touraine. [8] Alain Touraine, now in his tenth decade, published Défense de la modernité in 2018 as a statement of his current thinking about the meaning of modernity, and it is a striking contribution. In this sequel to A Critique of Modernity, Alain Touraine questions the social and cultural content of democracy today. He is best known for being the originator of the term "post-industrial society". Rejecting the seductive metaphor of a global melting pot, Touraine mounts a powerful attack on the idea that we now live together as equals, sharing the same social and cultural values. Mis à jour 11 mai 2016. He was best known as the originator of the phrase "post-industrial society" and for his studies and theories of social movements while they were in the process of formation. Deux ans plus tard, cherchant à fuir le monde clos de l'École normale, il part en voyage d'étude en Hongrie. Alain Touraine et Farhad Khosrokhavar adoptent ici la démarche inverse, celle du dialogue. Includes. Open Library is an initiative of the Internet Archive, a 501(c)(3) non-profit, building a digital library of Internet sites and other cultural artifacts in digital form.Other projects include the Wayback Machine, archive.org and archive-it.org Download the Study Guide. HEC Paris. She is the daughter of French sociologist Alain Touraine and Chilean academic Adriana Arenas Pizarro (d. 1990). He left his studies at the ENS for a research trip in Hungary, and then worked at a mine in Valenciennes in 1947-1948 after his return to France. Note: Citations are based on reference standards. Birthname: Alain Louis Jules Touraine born on: 3 August 1925 at 11:20 (= 11:20 AM ): Place: Hermanville-sur-Mer, France, 49n1702, 0w1849 Timezone: GDT h1e (is daylight saving time) Touraine, Marisol was born on March 7, 1959 in Paris. Combine with… French government agencies frequently called on Touraine for advice. I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like. During that period, France (among other countries) was busily modernizing its industries in order to become independent of American economics, while trying to avoid the alienation and exploitation of workers that tends to accompany this process. Horoscope and astrology data of Alain Touraine born on 3 August 1925 Hermanville-sur-Mer, France, with biography In his books about Chile, however, Touraine himself emerges from behind his abstractions and mixes personal sentiment with political analysis, theories with experience, and cool commentary with political commitment. Intervention de Michel Wieviorka lors du Congrès ISA World Congress of Sociology à Yokohama en juillet 2014. Alain Touraine has 66 books on Goodreads with 1813 ratings. He has failed to gain the same recognition in the English-speaking world, although half of his books have been translated into English. Issue d’une famille de médecins, elle est la fille du sociologue Alain Touraine et d’une docteure en médecine, chirurgienne-dentiste. Alain Touraine, now in his tenth decade, published Défense de la modernité in 2018 as a statement of his current thinking about the meaning of modernity, and it is a striking contribution. The Alain Touraine Study Pack contains: Biographies (1) Alain Touraine 987 words, approx. Free delivery worldwide on over 20 million titles. He participated in 1969 at the Universitas project[clarification needed] organized by Argentine architect Emilio Ambasz. Touraine completed his khâgne (preparatory school) at the Lycée Louis-le-Grand in Paris, and entered the École Normale Supérieure in 1945. In France, he received numerous awards and recognition for his contributions to modern French sociological thought. Further studies at Harvard, Columbia and Chicago universities and researcher at the CNRS (French National Research Council) in Paris until 1958. Présentation du service d'Endocrinologie et Médecine de la Reproduction à l'Institut E3M à l'Hôpital Universitaire Pitié Salpêtrière Details. He is research director at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, where he founded the Centre d'étude des mouvements sociaux. He was best known as the originator of the phrase "post-industrial society" and for his studies and theories of social movements while they were in the process of formation. Personal Life. Alain Touraine. Après un passage en khâgne au lycée Louis-le-Grand, à Paris, il entre à l'École normale supérieure en 1945. If one or more works are by a distinct, homonymous authors, go ahead and split the author. Marisol Touraine - Biography - Personal Life. However, formatting rules can vary widely between applications and fields of interest or study. Cet engagement marquera son œuvre et l'orientera vers une réflexion sur l'industrie, le travail et la conscience ouvrière . Touraine, Alain -- biographie. In this book Touraine presents a new theoretical framework for understanding the contemporary world. The French historian and sociologist Alain Touraine is the author of fundamental works on post-industrial society that have enabled us to understand and interpret the profound sense of the great transformations of our times, offering at the same time a continuous and enriching reflection on the problems derived from the need to coexist over and above human differences. Combine with… To install click the Add extension button. Soon thereafter, in 1970, he founded the Center for the Study of Social Movements, which is attached to the Ecole des Hautes Etudes in Paris. Alain Touraine, now in his tenth decade, published Défense de la modernité in 2018 as a statement of his current thinking about the meaning of modernity, and it is a striking contribution. He was best known as the originator of the phrase "post-industrial society" and for his studies and theories of social movements while they were in the process of formation.Alain Touraine was born in Hermanville, France, on August 3, 1925, the son of a physician, Albert Touraine, and of Odette Cleret. Touraine received the Légion d’Honneur in 2014 during his daughter Marisol’s mandate as French Minister of Social Affairs.[9]. Education She graduated from the Institut d"Études Politiques de Paris. Bibliography 1955 : L'évolution du travail aux usines Renault (thèse, sous la direction de Georges Friedmann) 1965 : Sociologie de l’action 1969 : … Touraine was an important figure in the founding of French sociology of work after World War II and later became an internationally-renowned sociologist of social movements, particularly the May 68 student movement in France and the Solidarity trade-union movement in communist Poland. Alain Touraine (French: [tuʁɛn]; born 3 August 1925) is a French sociologist. Touraine observed the movement on the ground and wrote one of the first studies of it; 1968 marked a transition in his work away from labor and the working class toward social movements. Includes. Alain Touraine est issu d'une famille aisée. Alain Touraine (French: [tuʁɛn]; born 3 Au­gust 1925) is a French so­ci­ol­o­gist. Biographie d'Alain Touraine. Alain Touraine (French: [tuʁɛn]; born 3 August 1925) is a French sociologist. Alain Guirado is a French painter from Oran who was born in 1956. by Alain Touraine In this provocative and timely new book, Alain Touraine explores the question of how we might live together in a truly globalized world society. Discover Book Depository's huge selection of Alain Touraine books online. By the time he earned his doctorate in 1965, which in France is something beyond the Ph.D. in America, he had been a visiting professor at a number of American universities and had done extensive work in industrial sociology. His prime interest for most of his career has been with social movements. He then taught at home and abroad. Foremost among publications in this area were The Self-Production of Society (1973; English translation, 1977) and The Voice of the Eye (1978; English translation, 1981)—the first of five volumes on The Permanent Society. (0)1.39.67.70.00 Maps and directions Touraine defined sociology as "the science of social action." Né ne 1925. Source for information on Alain Touraine: Encyclopedia of World Biography dictionary. Alain Touraine is a French sociologist. Touraine observed that "Democracy is based on the most active possible participation by the greatest possible number of people in the making and application of political decisions.". Touraine's work in the industrial milieu and his simultaneous discovery of the sociologist Georges Friedmann's Problèmes humains du machinisme industriel led him to return to studies in history at the ENS and to pass the agrégation in history in 1950. Explore books by Alain Touraine with our selection at Waterstones.com. Note: Citations are based on reference standards. 1 Rue de la Libération 78350 Jouy-en-Josas - +33. Touraine conducted field research at the Renault auto factory in Boulogne-Billancourt in Paris, which would lead to his first sociological monograph, published in 1955. Touraine defended his two doctoral theses at the University of Paris in 1964. 1 Biography; Study Pack. (1999). You could also do it yourself at any point in time. Would you like Wikipedia to always look as professional and up-to-date? Get information on authors, political and historical figures, and more. This experience is evident in his studies of industry upon his return to France and in his effort to construct a global systems theory that sets out to avoid the pitfalls of both Marxism and functionalism. He expanded on that position when studying students at American universities and predicted, in 1972, that "the university as a center of production and diffusion of knowledge is increasingly becoming the main locus of the social conflicts of our time. As the year comes to a close, we present the Top 10 Stars of 2020 on IMDb including Ana de Armas, Anya Taylor … École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, "Légion d'honneur : Alain Touraine, Françoise de Panafieu et Renaud Lavillenie parmi les promus", Jacques Hamel compares aspects of Pierre Bourdieu and Alain Touraine, Comments of Touraine at Forum Barcelona 2004, "Alain Touraine and the concept of social movement," by Michel Wieviorka, José Simeón Cañas Central American University, Touraine, A. He is re­search di­rec­tor at the École des Hautes Études en Sci­ences So­ciales, where he … [1] In 1952, he received a grant from the Rockefeller Foundation to study at Harvard with Talcott Parsons. In this book Touraine presents a new theoretical framework for understanding the contemporary world. In English, some of his contributions, in addition to those cited in the text, are: Workers' Attitudes and Technological Change (1965), The Post-Industrial Society (1971), The Academic System in American Society (1974), "From Crises to Critique" in the Partisan Review (1976), and "Crisis or Transformation?" The specific requirements or preferences of your reviewing publisher, classroom teacher, institution or organization should be applied. Alain Touraine por Jon Clark, 9780750705523, disponible en Book Depository con envío gratis. You can examine and separate out names. In the course of his work abroad, Touraine met his future wife, a Chilean, Adriana Arenas Pizarro. She is also first cousin of Alberto Arenas, Chile's Budget Director during Michelle Bachelet's presidency. It will enhance any encyclopedic page you visit with the magic of the WIKI 2 technology. Biography of Alain Touraine (excerpt) Alain Touraine, born August 3, 1925 in Hermanville-sur-Mer, Calvados, is a French sociologist and author.

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